The exercises for practical life
are designed to teach the child to function in his own environment
by teaching him how to cope with the things around him. The daily
functions of our home are routine and simple to us, but they are
new and exciting for the child. In this zone the child learns
how to look after himself and its belongings.
Sensorial exercises are concerned
with the development and refinement of the senses, thereby sharpening
the child's intellect and control and preparing him for the more
advanced exercises. Here the child develops the senses of sight,
touch, taste, smell, sound, and also has an opportunity to train
in distinction of temperatures, to feel a difference in weight
of subjects, and certainly to develop his muscular memory.
Reading and writing go hand in hand
and the early work with the Montessori sensorial materials prepares
the child for the introduction to both. Through the development
of the senses of touch, sight and sound the child has refined
his movement of hand and fingers and prepared to handle pencil.
Using sandpaper letters the child learns to recognize the letter
by sight and touch as well as by hearing each letter spoken. Through
the movable alphabet he acquires a familiarity with the alphabet
and sees how letters are put together to form words.
Sensorial training is of great importance in learning
of arithmetic. Exercises with sensorial materials teach the child
to think logically and precisely, so he can easily interpret familiar
concepts to mathematical terms. Arithmetic development goes very
naturally: the child simply lives in the prepared environment penetrated
with mathematics. The zone of arithmetic development contains all
necessary materials that teach the child operations of addition,
subtraction, multiplication and division, to help him to master
decimal system school.
This zone allows the child to systematize his knowledge
of the environment by studying the basics of physics, botany, geography,
anatomy and other natural-science disciplines. To realize his place
and mission in the world.